cpr

To be able to help people, the people who are members of The Samaritans need to know the Standard Operating Procedures for various kinds of situations. Unless they know what to do, they will only remain bystanders. Even if they try to intervene, they might actually make a bad situation worse by administering care in an improper fashion.

Each person who wants to become a Samaritan has to enrol in a Course. The Course is broken up into two phases. In the first phase (five days), the students are taught the basic of first aid, human anatomy, CPR, rescue breathing, how to stem bleeding, stabilising victims, splinting fractures, dealing with shock, etc. This Phase continues for five days.

In the second phase (three days), the students are interned at a trauma centre in a hospital for a firsthand look at accident victims.
Even though people may have an altruistic motive in helping people, the sight of a bleeding accident victim can have an adverse effect. We do not know a situation where a Samaritan becomes a victim himself because he cannot stand the sight of blood. An initiation into actual accident victims in a controlled environment of a hospital is therefore a necessity to become a Samaritan.

The Samaritans are trained in trauma care and management and are taught the basics of dealing with road accident victims. Their primary job is to secure and stabilise the victim as much as possible till such time evacuation to a medical facility is not effected.

The broad syllabus for Phase I is as follows:

Introduction

  • Introduction to The Samaritans
  • Need and requirement of The Samaritans
  • Legal issues
  • Kinds of likely accident scenarios
  • First responses for a first responder
  • The Standard Operating Procedure (SoP)
  • The first aid kit
  • Introduction to and familiarisation with the Mobile App
  • Crowd control
  • Dealing with Police harassment

The human anatomy

  • The skeletal system
  • The circulatory system

Basic First Aid

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Care of an unconscious casualty (including seizure)
  • Choking
  • Kinds of bleeding – venous versus arterial
  • Controlling bleeding
  • Pressure points to control arterial bleeding
  • Kinds of bleeding wounds – incisions, lacerations, punctures, abrasions/contusions and avulsions
  • Shock
  • Asthma
  • Epilepsy
  • Diabetes
Treating injuries

  • Minor injuries
  • Fractures, sprains and strains
  • Spinal injuries
  • Chest injuries
  • Severe burns and scalds
  • Eye injuries
  • Poisoning anaphylaxis
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke


Stabilisation and Evacuation

  • Neck stabilisation
  • Controlling panic
  • Recovery position
  • Dealing with shock
  • Loading on to an ambulance

At the Hospital

  • Get details on the patient
  • Contact family members
  • Write out incident report
  • Upload report and pictures, if any, to The Samaritans Control Room

Others

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • List of important phone numbers
  • Do’s and Don’ts

 

We propose to equip each graduating Samaritan with a First Aid Kit. The contents of a typical first aid kit are:

Personal Safety/CPR

  • 10 pair Gloves
  • 1 CPR Microshield
Minor Cuts and Scrapes

  • 60 Adhesive bandages
  • 10 Butterfly Bandages
  • 25 - 2x2 Gauze Pads
  • 2 Tongue Blades/Finger Splints
  • 1 Roll Plastic Medical Tape, 1 inch
Larger Injuries/Trauma

  • Scissors (1 pair small and 1 pair large)
  • 25 - 4x4 Gauze Pads
  • 4 Gauze Rolls, 3 inch
  • 2 Triangular Bandage
  • 4 Neck braces
  • 1 Elastic Bandage, 2 inch
  • 1 Survival Blanket
  • 1 Set of 5 Oral Airways
  • 1 Blood Pressure Cuff
Wound Cleaning/Miscellaneous

  • Sodium Chloride Irrigation Solution, 250ml
  • 20 Antiseptic Wipes
  • Alcohol Hand Sanitizer, 4oz
  • Triple Antibiotic Ointment
  • Splinter Forceps
  • 12 Alcohol Prep Pads
  • Resealable Plastic Bags
  • Pen and Pad

If you want any or all of the above training courses to be conducted in your institute or organisation, let us know and we will fix a convenient date and time to do so.